History and Background of Pakistan-US Relations

History and Background of Pakistan-US Relations

Karachi (September 23, 2017): United States remains one of the first countries to have established diplomatic ties with Pakistan. On 20 October 1947, the United States established diplomatic relations with Pakistan.

During the initial years of Pakistan, the country had the options of building allegiance with Soviet Union or United States, however, Pakistan opted for the latter.

In 1950, Pakistan’s first prime minister, Liaquat Ali Khan was invited by Russian foreign minister and US but he opted to visit America .

Pakistan signed Mutual Defense Assistance Agreement with the United States in May, 1654. Pakistan received military aid worth 508 million dollars from 1953 and 1961.In 1955, Pakistan joined two US sponsored regional defence organizations, Southeast Asia Treaty Organization and Central Treaty Organization. Pakistan received more two billion dollars since 1953 to 1961.US offered military and economic assistance to India during China-India war in 1962.US then President John F. Kennedy has assured Pakistan’s then President Ayub Khan that they will take Pakistan into confidence if decided to provide military aid to India.US suspend aid to India and Pakistan during second war on Kashmir in 1965.
US again suspended Pakistan’s military aid during its war against Indian aggression in 1971.
US partially restored aid to Pakistan in 1975.Pak-US relations quickly improved and deepened during Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto’s regime. Pakistan also played a crucial role in arranging the 1972 Nixon visit to China which led to normalization of ties between the two countries.After deposing Prime Minister Bhutto on 5 July 1977, Ziaul Haq declared martial law, and appointed himself as Chief Martial Law Administrator, which he remained until becoming president on 16 September 1978.

US one again suspended Pakistan’s aid after the reports about Uranium enrichment in 1979.
After the Russian invasion of Afghanistan, US vow to provide military aid to Pakistan and turned the north part of the country into base camp for Mujahideen in 1980.
In 1981, US offered Pakistan a five year package worth 3.2 billion dollars of economic and military aid.
US military aid again suspended after Pressler amendment in 1990.In 1992, US again resume economic aid to Pakistan.
US imposes sanctions on Pakistan after Pakistan conducted nuclear test in 1998.
US partially restored aid after General Pervez Musharraf took over government in 1999.In September 2001, then President Pervez Musharraf offered unconditional support in war against terrorism  to then US President George W. Bush.US announces 350 million dollars aid for Pakistan and allocated 510 million dollars for army in 2002.
In 2004 US declared Pakistan as non-Nato ally.US announced 510 million dollars for rehabilitation of quake victims in 2005.
In 2008 then President Pervez Musharraf resigned and it is considered a major setback in Pak-US relations.US approved 7.8 million dollars non-military aid for Pakistan under Kerry-Lugar bill.
Raymond Davis, a US military contractor, killed two persons in Lahore. This incident brought tension between Pakistan and US.On May 2, US special forces killed Al-Qaida Chief Osama Bin Ladin in Operation Neptune Spear. He was killed in a compound in Abbottabad. Pakistani authorizes were not informed about the secret operation and the incident became a turning point between Pakistan-US ties.
US airstrike kill 24 Pakistani soldiers in friendly firing in 2011.
Pakistan stopped NATO supply and get evacuated Shamsi air base from US soldiers after the deadly airstrike.Dr Shakil Afridi sentenced to 33 years in treason case, whereas a US a senate panel had deducted 33 million dollars from a proposed assistance to Pakistan.

Hillary Clinton apologizes to Pakistan for deaths of 24 soldiers and gets US supply routes to Afghanistan reopened.

US announces to provide 9 AH-IZ Viper Helicopters to Pakistan.US halts defence equipment supply to Pakistan in August 2016.
US offers to mediate between Pakistan and India in April 2017.Pakistan ambassador to the United States Aizaz Ahmad Chaudhry met US National Security Advisor Lieutenant General McMaster and discussed Pak-US relations, restoration of peace in Afghanistan and other issues in May.
Commander of United States Forces and NATO in Afghanistan General John Nicholson has alleged that the US knows the Afghan Taliban leadership is in the Quetta and Peshawar areas.PM Shahid Khaqan Abbasi met US Vice President Mike Pence on the sidelines of the UNGA  72nd session in New York and conveyed Pakistan’s concerns over the US’ revised policy in the region.

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