ISLAMABAD: As many as 61 years have been passed for imposing of first martial law in the country.
As the clock rang 8 pm back on October 7, 1958, President Iskandar Mirza imposed first martial law in the country after suspending the constitution, afterward, national and provincial assemblies were dissolved and Ayub Khan appointed as a Chief Martial Law administrator.
When the first martial law forced on the country not only prominent English and Urdu dailies supported it even it was declared understandable revolution while the sister of the father of the nation Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Fatima Jinnah also extended support to it.
The closeness between President Skinder Mirza and Ayub Khan turned into rivalry and Ayub Khan sent his generals to President Skinder Mirza to resign from his post while Skinder Mirza knowing intuitively the intentions of Ayub Khan left for London and never returned back to the country even he died there.
Ayub Khan without shooting any single bullet thrust the martial law on the country and decided to run the affairs of the government through a civilian administration.
In the Ayub era, countering the political demands of then east Pakistan one unit was established after ending identities of all four provinces while cases were filed against the politicians under P.O.D.O & E.B.D.O and they had been declared unqualified for the public offices for 15 years.
Ayub Khan became the president of the country through a system of basic democracy while agriculture reforms were conducted which resulted in the distribution of two million acres of land among landless farmers after taking from feudal lords.
He also laid the basis of an Irrigation system which turned the country self-reliant in the coming days in food sectors while new factories, mills and industries were established under his industrial policies.
Ayub Khan had moderate thinking while he resigned from his post on March 25, 1967, after the movement against him.