Karachi (December 27, 2017): Google on Wednesday dedicated its doodle to one of Urdu literature’s most iconic poet, Mirza Asadullah Baig Khan, most commonly as Ghalib, to mark his 220th birth anniversary.
Mirza Ghalib, the last great poet of the Mughal Era, is considered to be one of the most popular and influential poets of the Urdu language.A prominent Urdu and Persian-language poet during the Mughal era, Mirza Asadullah Baig Khan was born in Agra on 27 December 1797. He began composing poems from the age of 11. Although his first language was Urdu, Turkish and Persian were spoken at home too. Today, Mirza Ghalib is more famous for his Urdu Ghazals among Urdu scholars than he is for his achievements in Persian.After getting married by the age of 13, in accordance with the upper-class Muslim customs of the time, he settled in Delhi. One of the recurring themes in Mirza Ghalib’s poems is the idea that life is a continuous painful struggle which ends only with life itself.
Often regarded as the last great poet of the Mughal era, his poem and Ghazals have been translated and recited in multiple languages across the globe. In 1850, he was honoured with the title of Dabir-ul-Mulk by Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar II. During the last years of the Mughal Empire, Mirza Ghalib was not only an important member of the Mughal court, but also the poet tutor to the emperor’s eldest son, Prince Fakhr-ud Din Mirza. The emperor also appointed him as the royal historian of the Mughal court.Following the decline of the Mughal Empire, Mirza Ghalib struggled to make a living. Much of his fame came to him posthumously and in his lifetime, despite his best attempts, he couldn’t get the British to restore his full pension.
Mirza Ghalib died in Delhi on 15 February 1869 and the house where he lived, in Old Delhi, has been turned into “Ghalib Memorial”. Known as “Ghalib ki Haveli”, it permanently houses Ghalib’s exhibitions.